What is Peripheral Vascular Disease? (2023)

  • 3. September 2022
  • Socio de Growth360
  • No comment

What is Peripheral Vascular Disease? (1)

Our heart is perhaps one of the most vital organs in the human body and is responsible for moving blood throughout the body. By providing blood, the organ supplies the body with oxygen-rich blood and carries carbon dioxide to the lungs and out of the body.

The heart pumps blood through a system of blood vessels called the circulatory system, also known as the cardiovascular or vascular system. This organ system circulates blood vessels that carry nutrients, oxygen, carbon dioxide, hormones, and blood cells to and from the cells of our body.

This process provides nutrients, helps the body fight disease, and helps maintain your body. Vessels are elastic tubes that supply blood to every part of the body. The arteries carry blood away from the heart while the veins bring it back.

As we age, the blood flow to our extremities, especially the lower extremities, is not as efficient due to various reasons, such as: B. Plaque formation, which will induce and cause various diseases. Peripheral vascular diseases include all diseases that affect the circulatory system.

varicose veins

Vascular diseases, also known as peripheral vascular diseases (PVD), range from venous, arterial, and lymphatic diseases to blood disorders that affect the circulatory system. Also, PVD is a condition that causes the blood vessels outside the brain and heart to become blocked, constricted, or narrowed.

This circulatory disorder can occur in the veins or arteries.

In general, vascular diseases can often cause fatigue and pain. The pain usually accumulates in the legs, especially during sports or when actively walking or working on the legs. However, the pain may subside after rest.

However, peripheral vascular disease does not only affect the legs. The condition can also affect the blood vessels responsible for carrying oxygen to different parts of the body. This includes blood vessels in the intestines, stomach, kidneys, and arms.

Patients suffering from PVD experience narrowing of the blood vessels, which reduces blood flow to certain areas of the body, particularly the lower extremities; Hardening of the arteries, also known as arteriosclerosis, may be the cause of this situation. In some cases, blood vessel spasms can also cause peripheral vascular disease.

In atherosclerosis (a type of atherosclerosis), plaque builds up in blood vessels, reducing the flow of oxygen-rich blood to the extremities and other organs. If not treated early, plaque continues to build up and can lead to blood clots that can completely clog arteries.

As a result, this blockage can lead to organ damage and the loss of fingers, toes, and extremities. This consequence underscores the importance of treating a vascular disease as early as possible. The longer the patient waits, the more negative the effects can be.

Some people sometimes refer to vascular disease as peripheral arterial disease, so you can often use the two terms interchangeably. However, the key difference between these two terms, peripheral vascular disease and peripheral arterial disease, is that the latter only affects the arteries that carry oxygen-rich blood from the heart to various organs.

Statistics from the Center for Disease Control show that about twenty percent of people will develop peripheral arterial disease. Therefore, PAD is the most common of the peripheral vascular diseases.

However, other terms used to define this condition include claudication (arterial insufficiency of the legs), intermittent claudication, atherosclerosis obliterans, and non-healing ulcers.

(Video) Peripheral Vascular Disease (PVD) Peripheral Arterial (PAD) Venous Disease Nursing Treatment Ulcers

What is Peripheral Vascular Disease? (2)

Causes of peripheral vascular disease

Next, let's look at what causes PVD. Several factors cause organic and functional peripheral vascular disease, so we will examine them separately.

Organic PVD is a disease in which the structure of the blood vessels physically changes. The main causes include high blood pressure, smoking, high cholesterol, and diabetes.

Some other possible causes of organic peripheral vascular disease include inflammation of the blood vessels, infection, extreme injury, and abnormally structured ligaments or muscles.

The body's blood vessels naturally contract and dilate in response to the environment. Some of the most common causes of this disorder are low temperatures, emotional stress, medication, and the operation of vibrating machines or tools.

However, when a person has functional PVD, these reactions are exaggerated. For example, Raynaud's disease is a functional peripheral vascular disease in which temperature and stress affect blood flow. In Raynaud's disease, the smallest arteries that supply blood to the skin become narrowed, reducing blood flow to affected areas.

Several factors can put a person at increased risk for PVD, including being obese or overweight, pregnant, over age fifty, having a family history of PVD, a history of stroke or cerebrovascular disease, high blood pressure, or high cholesterol.

Heart disease, abnormal cholesterol levels, diabetes, high blood pressure, hemodialysis, or kidney disease can also put the patient at risk.

Certain lifestyle choices can also increase a person's risk of developing peripheral vascular disease. These include smoking, drug use, poor eating habits, and lack of exercise.

(Video) Peripheral vascular disease (PVD) - an Osmosis Preview

Symptoms of peripheral vascular disease

The first signs of PVD are often patchy and slow onset, then become more severe over time, and lack of medical intervention can lead to more severe symptoms. Initially, a person may feel more tired than normal and experience cramps. The pain is often made worse by physical activity due to poor circulation.

Not everyone who has PVD has symptoms. Approximately half of the patients who receive this diagnosis have no symptoms. Also, some other symptoms associated with peripheral vascular disease differ depending on the area affected.

(Video) Peripheral vascular disease (PVD) and what you need to know

Specific symptoms include leg cramps at bedtime and reduced hair growth, discoloration and discoloration of legs and arms, paleness or reddish-blue, weak pulse in legs and feet, pale thin skin, chronic ulcers and sores. In addition, symptoms such as a severe burning sensation, thickened and dull toenails, and an overall blue discoloration in the toe area may occur.

If any of these symptoms appear, it is important to see a doctor. Unfortunately, due to age, people tend to neglect most of these symptoms. However, delaying care and attention will only make the situation worse; In extreme cases, you can suffer from gangrene and blood loss.

The other common symptom associated with vascular disease is claudication. This symptom is a distinctive muscle pain in the lower extremities, especially when walking. Sometimes the pain can increase if you walk a lot and fast. However, after some time or rest, the pain may gradually disappear or lessen.

Claudication occurs when there is not enough blood flow to the muscle. As vascular disease progresses, symptoms may worsen and occur more frequently. Finally, fatigue and pain may also be more common at rest.

If you experience any of these symptoms, seek advice from a vascular surgeon or specialist and receive appropriate treatment to reduce pain and improve circulation.

Complications of vascular diseases.

If peripheral vascular disease is not treated or neglected, it can be serious and, in some cases, life-threatening. Additionally, reduced blood flow in the body can be a warning sign of serious progression of vascular disease.

Some of the significant health complications of PVD include pale skin, tissue death that can lead to amputation, pain with movement and rest, chronic open sores, severe pain that makes walking difficult, and life-threatening bone and circulatory toxicity.

With serious complications that affect the arteries that carry blood to the brain and heart, the arteries can become blocked, which can lead to a stroke, heart attack, and even death.

Diagnosis of peripheral vascular disease

Early diagnosis of PVD is the first step to effective treatment. Also, early detection and treatment can help prevent life-threatening complications. Tell your doctor immediately if you experience typical symptoms of a vascular disease, such as B. Claudication.

Health professionals may ask about your medical history before performing a physical exam for a proper diagnosis. Usually, the physical test consists of measuring the impulses in the extremities. For example, if a whistling sound is heard after a search with a stethoscope, it is likely that you have certain narrowed blood vessels.

Also, to get specific results, the doctor may order other tests, such as B. Doppler ultrasound to monitor blood flow in the vessels and angiogram to diagnose clogged arteries. Also, a CT scan to show images of blood vessels and diagnose a blockage, and an ankle-brachial index to compare blood flow in different extremities.

What is Peripheral Vascular Disease? (3)

What is Peripheral Vascular Disease? (4)

(Video) What to Know About Peripheral Artery Disease

Treatment of peripheral vascular diseases

There are two main goals when considering PVD treatment: stopping the progress of the disease and managing symptoms and pain so you can be active. In addition, PVD treatment significantly reduces the risk of serious complications.

Lifestyle changes are essential for the initial treatment of PVD. For example, your doctor may recommend regular exercise, weight loss, and a proper diet. Also, if you smoke tobacco, you should quit as it directly reduces blood flow. Unfortunately, smoking also makes PVD worse and can lead to stroke and heart attack.

If the first treatment fails or the PVD is already advanced, the doctor may suggest medication.

Treatment options may include surgery or angioplasty in cases with significant arterial blockage. Surgery helps open blocked arteries and allows blood to flow more efficiently.

Everyone deserves to live a long and happy life, but PVD can lead to loss of limbs and other life-threatening conditions. We use state-of-the-art tools and technology to solve all your problems related to your vascular system. Using our experience, we work with you to develop a unique solution that meets your needs.

What is Peripheral Vascular Disease? (5)


Modern Heart and Vascular, a preventative cardiology medical practice, has multiple locations throughout Houston. We have locations in Humble, Cleveland, The Woodlands, Katy, and Livingston.

We are the Modern Heart and Vascular Institute, a diagnostic and preventive cardiology practice.

Every heart has a story... What is yours?

book an appointment today

In theModern Heart and Vascular Institute.We offer state-of-the-art cardiovascular care with innovative diagnostic tools and compassionate patient care. Our priority at the Modern Heart and Vascular Institute is prevention. We help patients lead healthier lives by avoiding unnecessary procedures and surgeries.

contact us onlineto find out more and make an appointment. If you would like more information about our practice,Read the biographies of our providers.

This article does not contain medical advice. It is for informational purposes only. It is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. If you need cardiovascular treatment, call us832-644-8930.

(Video) A Patient with Peripheral Vascular Disease: Irene's Story


1. Symptoms and Treatments for Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD)
(Spectrum Health)
2. Peripheral Artery Disease | What are the signs and symptoms?
3. What Are the Symptoms of Peripheral Vascular Disease?
(Rush University System for Health)
4. Peripheral Arterial Disease | Vascular Surgery
5. How is Peripheral Vascular Disease Diagnosed?
(Rush University System for Health)
6. Dr. Amy Pollak - Peripheral artery disease can signal cardiovascular trouble
(Mayo Clinic)
Top Articles
Latest Posts
Article information

Author: Allyn Kozey

Last Updated: 04/08/2023

Views: 5813

Rating: 4.2 / 5 (63 voted)

Reviews: 86% of readers found this page helpful

Author information

Name: Allyn Kozey

Birthday: 1993-12-21

Address: Suite 454 40343 Larson Union, Port Melia, TX 16164

Phone: +2456904400762

Job: Investor Administrator

Hobby: Sketching, Puzzles, Pet, Mountaineering, Skydiving, Dowsing, Sports

Introduction: My name is Allyn Kozey, I am a outstanding, colorful, adventurous, encouraging, zealous, tender, helpful person who loves writing and wants to share my knowledge and understanding with you.